Since the front-end components like tie rods and ball joints literally help hold the wheels on the car it pays to follow procedure. Some steering racks are easier to remove and replace than others. A service or repair manual will show what it takes and have torque values for front-end assembly. The torque wrench is an invaluable tool. Too little torque and fasteners can come loose. Too much torque can cause fasteners to shear and break. When wrapping things back up always use a new cotter pin as a final step.
|Step 1 - Remove the cotter pin and castellated nut on the outer tie rod ends. Use a puller as shown or a few well-placed smacks of a hammer on the meaty portion of the knuckle to free the outer tie rod ends. A pickle fork is a last resort.|
|Step 2 - Center the steering wheel and loosen the bolts that secure the intermediate shaft. Push the shaft up off the rack. Remove the mounts that hold the rack to the chassis. Fish the rack out of the chassis. Turning can help unlock the puzzle.|
|Step 3 - In this case we also installed a new set of outer tie-rod ends on the new steering rack. Measure the distance of the old steering rack so that the alignment will be fairly close with the new.|
|Step 4 - New steering rack bushings are also a good idea. The rack bushings secure the steering rack in place. If the bushings are worn out the rack will move around, causing steering wander and wobbles.|
|Step 5 - Reverse the removal procedure. Torque everything to specifications and install new cotter pins. Put the wheels back on and get the car to the local alignment shop.|